The news: US Reps. Peter Welch (D-VT) and Lance Gooden (R-TX) introduced the House companion to the bipartisan Credit Card Competition Act of 2022 introduced in July by Sens. Dick Durbin (D-IL) and Roger Marshall (R-KS), per a press release.
The bill would require large banks to provide at least two unaffiliated networks to process credit card payments, and at least one must be outside the Visa and Mastercard networks.
Key context: Just last week, more than 1,600 retailers—including Walmart and Target—signed a letter that urged lawmakers to pass the Senate bill.
Retailers believe the bill will lower swipe fees by creating more payment network competition. Merchants paid a whopping $77.48 billion in credit card fees last year. These fees are set by Visa and Mastercard but primarily go to banks to support things like security and innovation. The Merchants Payments Coalition lobbied for the bill earlier this year, saying it could help lower costs for both merchants and consumers already burdened by high inflation.
But large banks and payment companies say the bill has security issues. It could increase the number of credit card transactions handled by foreign payment networks, Electronic Payments Coalition Chair Jeff Tassey told Bloomberg this summer. The American Bankers Association (ABA) condemned the House bill, calling it an effort to boost profits for large retailers like Amazon—an outspoken card fee critic. The ABA also said the bill could hurt tourism by eliminating the credit card rewards that many consumers use for travel.
What this means: While the Credit Card Competition Act of 2022 still has plenty of hurdles to overcome, a companion bill could accelerate the legislative process by allowing concurrent deliberations. And bipartisan support in both chambers reflects a broader desire from lawmakers to bring change to the card space.
The push for reform could have lasting implications for what has been strong credit card adoption among US consumers:
US lawmakers aren’t the only policymakers pressuring networks on swipe fees, either: The UK Parliament questioned Visa and Mastercard on the post-Brexit spike in swipe fees earlier this summer—which both providers blamed on fraud risks and tough competition.
This article originally appeared in Insider Intelligence's Payments Innovation Briefing—a daily recap of top stories reshaping the payments industry. Subscribe to have more hard-hitting takeaways delivered to your inbox daily.
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