The news: Twitter was rebranded to X over the weekend. The announcement was made by owner Elon Musk over a series of tweets, including, “Soon we shall bid adieu to the Twitter brand and, gradually, all the birds.”
Evolution of X: The X brand has been an obsession for Musk, permeating his various companies. PayPal, Musk’s first successful tech venture, was almost named X.com. His rocket company is SpaceX, his recently launched generative AI company is xAI, and Tesla’s flagship SUV is the Model X.
Musk biographer Walter Isaacson said the X fixation goes as far back as 1999. “Musk envisioned X.com as a comprehensive platform,” a proto-super app “covering banking, digital purchases, credit cards, investments, loans, and more.”
The problem: Rebranding a universally recognizable social media platform could upend years of brand equity built by Twitter.
Zooming in: Unlike recent Big Tech rebranding efforts, like Facebook morphing into Meta, Twitter’s transition to X doesn’t seem to be anchored on any specific technology pivot.
Analyst take: “It’s the end of an era for Twitter, but the writing was on the wall,” said Jasmine Enberg, principal analyst at Insider Intelligence. “Twitter’s corporate brand is already heavily intertwined with Musk’s personal brand, and the platform is a very different place than it was prior to Musk’s takeover. Much of Twitter’s established brand equity among users and advertisers has already been lost, and there’s a long road ahead for Musk to continue building a super app, even with a fresh foundation.”
Our take: Rebranding Twitter to X might be key in distancing the social media network from the more negative aspects of its history, but X’s runway to establish new apps and services is short, especially given the rise of competitors vying for shrinking advertising revenues.
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