The news: Authorized push payment (APP) fraud surged in the UK in 2021, according to UK Finance.
More on this: The trade group reported that £1.3 billion ($1.8 billion) was stolen through fraud and scams during 2021, up 39% from the previous year.
Of the APP fraud cases, 40% came from scams in which fraudsters impersonated the UK National Health Service, banks, and other government departments. The scams were conducted via phone, texts, emails, and imposter websites.
What are banks doing? Currently there is no mandate for banks in the UK to reimburse APP fraud victims. But nine of the largest financial institutions in the country have signed a voluntary agreement for repayment put forth by the Lending Standards Board.
Banks are also able to join a program called “159,” in which banking customers can hang up on any call from an entity claiming to be their banking institution and then dial “159” to directly reach their bank to verify the caller.
What’s the government doing? The rampant rise of APP fraud in the UK is causing regulators to reassess how banks are handling these cases.
The big takeaway: APP scams are reaching alarming levels, and fraudsters are taking ever more sly approaches. One major struggle in addressing the schemes is that attacks often occur outside of the banking infrastructure. With fintech revolutionizing how people use money, more bad actors are able to use other technology platforms to infiltrate users’ bank accounts online. To nip APP fraud schemes in the bud, banks are calling on broader technology sectors to come together to educate their users on these tactics, to provide opportunities for customers to verify the people and programs with which they interact, and to identify fraudsters earlier in the process.