Source: eMarketer, April 2023 - May 2023
Note: internet users 18+ who listen to music or other audio content (i.e. podcasts) via direct download on mobile devices or live stream on any device at least once per month
Additional Note: These include radio stations with professional or amateur DJs/editors selecting playlists; automated (i.e., without human editors/DJs) playlists; streamed services that create playlists based on user preferences of artists, tracks or genres; personally configured (i.e., set by the listener) playlists; music or other audio content delivered within a website or app (e.g., in-game music services); or audio podcasts (streamed or downloaded). Excludes other downloaded audio files (e.g., music MP3s) and digital terrestrial and satellite radio services that are delivered over the air.
Methodology: Estimates are based on the analysis of survey and traffic data from research firms and regulatory agencies; historical trends; internet and mobile adoption trends; and country-specific demographic and socioeconomic factors.