Source: eMarketer, December 2022
Note: excludes travel and event tickets, payments such as bill pay, taxes, or money transfers, restaurant sales, food services and drinking place sales, gambling and other vice goods sales
Additional Note: eMarketer benchmarks its Russia retail sales figures against data from the Russian Federation's Federal Service for State Statistics (Rosstat), for which the last full year measured was 2021. eMarketer estimates for retail sales in Russia factor in the effects of the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war. Figures for all years are converted using the rate of US$1=RUB 126.458571.
Methodology: Estimates are based on the analysis of data from other research firms and government agencies, historical trends, reported and estimated revenues of major online retailers, consumer online buying trends, and macro-level economic conditions.